The Independent group of experts on anti-Semitism calls for a greater struggle against antisemitism in Germany.
According to the report, last year 40% of German residents held antisemitic views linked to Israel. Two years earlier, only 28% of respondents agreed with this statement: "With the policy Israel is taking, it is understandable why we have something against Jews." 27% claimed: "What the State of Israel is doing to the Palestinians today is in fact no different from what the Nazis did in the Third Reich to the Jews."
6% of Germany's population is infected with "classic antisemitism": They believe that the influence of the Jews is too great or that they themselves are guilty of being persecuted.
This annual report compiles the available evidence on antisemitic incidents collected
by international, governmental and non-governmental sources, covering the period
1 January 2005–31 December 2015, where data are available. In addition, it includes
a section that presents evidence from international organisations. No official data on
reported antisemitic incidents in 2015 were available for eight Member States by the
time this report was compiled in September 2016.
The first half of 2016 saw an 11% rise in antisemitic incidents reported to Community Security Trust (CST), compared with the same period during the previous year.
CST-recorded antisemitic incidents in London rose by 62% between the first six months of 2015 and 2016. In stark contrast, in Greater Manchester, the number of reported antisemitic incidents fell by 54%.
There was a 29% increase in police-recorded antisemitic hate crime in England and some parts of Wales between 2010 and 2015, compared with a 9% increase across all hate crime categories. Between 2013–14 and 2014–15, police-recorded antisemitic crime increased by 97%, compared with 26% across all hate crime categories.
A survey of British Jewish people by the Institute for Jewish Policy Research found that a fifth of respondents had experienced at least one incident of antisemitic harassment during the previous 12 months. In 68% of cases, comments had been encountered on the internet.
“All IHRA Member Countries share concern that incidents of antisemitism are steadily rising and agree that IHRA’s Member Countries and indeed IHRA’s experts need political tools with which to fight this scourge. IHRA’s 31 member countries- 24 of which are EU member countries- are committed to the Stockholm Declaration and thereby to fighting the evil of antisemitism through coordinated international political action.”
The IHRA Chair continued: “By adopting this working definition, the IHRA is setting an example of responsible conduct for other international fora and hopes to inspire them also to take action on a legally binding working definition.”
The Department of State submits this report to the Congress in compliance with section 102(b) of the International Religious Freedom Act (IRFA) of 1998. U.S. embassies prepare the initial drafts of the reports based on information from government officials, religious leaders, nongovernmental organizations, journalists, human rights monitors, religious groups, academics, and others. U.S. foreign service officers go to great lengths, often under difficult circumstances, to collect the information on which the reports are based.
A Toronto Police report on hate crimes in the city during 2015 found a decrease of 8 percent in the volume of hate crimes (134 compared with 146 in 2014) - but the Jewish community remains at the top of the list of victims of hate crimes.
The report, which is based on visits to schools and conversations with dozens of teachers since January 2015, say teachers sometimes feel powerless to change the deep-seated biases and violent attitudes of some pupils, including against Jews.
One female teacher of high-schoolers in Amsterdam told Kleijwegt that following a program about democratic values and against discrimination, a female pupil of Moroccan descent stood up and said: “If I had a Kalashnikov [assault rifle], I’d gun down all the Jews.” She then made shooting gestures and sounds.
Following a significant increase in antisemitic incidents during the Israel-Gaza war of July and August 2014, a group of cross-party MPs decided to examine evidence on the nature of antisemitism in the UK, with specific reference to the Middle East conflict and to consider measures to confront it.
The aims of our inquiry were: to review the state of antisemitism in the UK specically in light of anti-Jewish hatred emanating from the Middle East conflict, to analyse the ectiveness of existing measures and make recommendations for further action rooted in national and European good practice.
‘Official data’ is understood here as that collected by law enforcement agencies, criminal justice systems and relevant state ministries at the national level. ‘Unofficial data’ refers to data collected by non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and civil society organisations (CSOs). This update compiles available data on antisemitic incidents collected by international, governmental and non-governmental sources, covering the period 1 January 2003–31 December 2013. No data on manifestations of antisemitism were available for Bulgaria, Cyprus, Estonia, Luxembourg, Malta, Portugal, Romania and Slovenia at the time this update was compiled.
This is the 10th in a series of yearly updates about data collected on antisemitism published by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) and its predecessor, the European Union Monitoring Centre on Racism and Xenophobia (EUMC).
The report is based on data collected and published on the site of the Coordination Forum for Countering Antisemitism. Naturally, the number of events published in the report does not reflect the total actual events that took place, and sometimes the data is significantly different from the data published by various Jewish communities. However, in our view, the data is reflecting the tendencies.
The Inter-Parliamentary Coalition for Combating Anti-Semitism (ICCA) is an organization comprised of parliamentarians from around the world working to combat resurgent global anti-Semitism. Following the November 2010 conference of the ICCA in Ottawa, Canada, the parliamentarians adopted a Protocol that included a commitment to establishing an International Task Force of Internet Specialists comprised of parliamentarians and experts. The goal of this task force is to create common indicators to identify and monitor anti-Semitism and other manifestations of hate online and to develop policy recommendations for governments and international frameworks to address these problems.
The survey was carried out online, and the eight EU Member States covered are home to over 90 % of the EU’s estimated Jewish population.9 In the absence of other reliable sampling frames, FRA opted to use online surveying as it allowed respondents to complete the survey at their own pace, while also informing them about FRA, the organisations managing the data collection and how the collected data would be used. This method had the potential to allow all interested self-identified Jewish people in the EU Member States surveyed to take part and share their experiences. It was also the method which could most easily survey respondents from all the selected EU Member States under equal conditions. This method is, however, unable to deliver a random probability sample fulfilling the statistical criteria for representativeness
Hearing before the Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human Rights, and International Organizations of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives, One Hundred Thirteenth Congress, first session, February 27, 2013.
This document is based on the work of the July 2011 meeting of the Working Group on Online Antisemitism of the Global Forum to Combat Antisemitism. The meeting took place at the Foreign Ministry in Jerusalem, Israel.
Gli ebrei dell’Unione europea (UE) continuano a subire insulti, episodi di
discriminazione, molestie e persino atti di violenza fisica che, nonostante
gli sforzi concertati da parte sia dell’UE che dei suoi Stati membri, non
sembrano svanire nel passato. Sebbene la legge garantisca molti diritti
importanti, le possibilità del popolo ebraico di godere di tali diritti nella
realtà continuano ad essere ostacolate da pregiudizi diffusi e di lunga data.
L’indagine on-line condotta dalla FRA sulle esperienze di discriminazione
e reati generati dall’odio vissute dal popolo ebraico in otto Stati membri
dell’UE, rivela un diffuso timore di antisemitismo su Internet e di
vittimizzazione; un preoccupante livello di discriminazione antisemita,
in particolare sul lavoro e negli istituti scolastici; preoccupazione per
la negazione e la banalizzazione dell’Olocausto e per i reati generali
dall’odio. L’indagine evidenzia anche altri problemi connessi, come ad
esempio il fatto che le vittime non denunciano i reati di antisemitismo
Gli ebrei dell’Unione europea (UE) continuano a subire insulti, episodi di discriminazione, molestie e persino atti di violenza fisica che, nonostante gli sforzi concertati da parte sia dell’UE che dei suoi Stati membri, non sembrano svanire nel passato. Sebbene la legge garantisca molti diritti importanti, le possibilità del popolo ebraico di godere di tali diritti nella realtà continuano ad essere ostacolate da pregiudizi diffusi e di lunga data.
Die Ergebnisse der FRA‑Online‑Erhebung zu den Erfahrungen der jüdischen Bevölkerung mit Diskriminierung und Hasskriminalität in acht EU‑Mitgliedstaaten haben ergeben, dass eine weit verbreitete Angst vor Antisemitismus im Internet und vor Viktimisierung besteht. Die Ergebnisse zeigen auch, dass antisemitische Diskriminierung in besorgniserregendem Ausmaß – besonders am Arbeitsplatz und in Bildungseinrichtungen – besteht. Grund zur Sorge besteht auch in Sachen Holocaustleugnung und -verharmlosung sowie Hasskriminalität. Auch hiermit verbundene
Probleme werden in der Erhebung aufgeworfen, wie die Tatsache, dass antisemitische Verbrechen von Opfern nicht zur Anzeige gebracht werden
This working paper is the eighth update of the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) overview of Manifestations of antisemitism in the EU. It outlines the broad contours of antisemitism in the European Union (EU).
The update assembles statistical data covering the period 1 January 2001–31 December 2011 (where available) on antisemitic incidents collected by international, governmental and non-governmental sources. Notable antisemitic incidents that occurred in 2011 are highlighted throughout the update to reveal the reality behind the figures. No data were available for Estonia, Luxembourg (where no data are collected), Malta, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia at the time this working paper was compiled.
This EUMC report on antisemitism in Europe has four main intentions:
• The report aims to raise awareness on the development of antisemitism
in Europe in recent years and to stimulate a broader public debate in
order to generate pressure for clear and strong measures against it.
• To this end, the report presents, country by country, the data and
information on antisemitism which was provided by the RAXEN
network of the EUMC for the years 2002-2003 in 15 Member States of
the European Union. This is followed by a critical evaluation of each
country report with regard to the availability and quality of this data on
antisemitism. On the basis of this evaluation, an identification is made
of the problem areas and gaps regarding the present processes of data
collection and the currently available data in the 15 EU Member States.
• Thirdly, the report aims to develop a theoretical and conceptual
foundation as basis for both the evaluation of present data collection
processes and for proposals for future data collection on antisemitism.
In doing so, it will refer to the debates on recent claims that a “new
antisemitism” has emerged. It will also address the question of whether
and when anti-Zionism and “unbalanced” criticism of Israel is to be
regarded as antisemitism.
• Finally, the report makes a number of proposals for the improvement of
monitoring and research activities regarding antisemitism in the
European Union, and makes a number of proposals for action to the EU
and its Member States on measures to combat antisemitism.